Source code for airflow.contrib.hooks.bigquery_hook

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"""
This module contains a BigQuery Hook, as well as a very basic PEP 249
implementation for BigQuery.
"""

import time
from builtins import range

from past.builtins import basestring

from airflow import AirflowException
from airflow.contrib.hooks.gcp_api_base_hook import GoogleCloudBaseHook
from airflow.hooks.dbapi_hook import DbApiHook
from airflow.utils.log.logging_mixin import LoggingMixin
from apiclient.discovery import HttpError, build
from googleapiclient import errors
from pandas_gbq.gbq import \
    _check_google_client_version as gbq_check_google_client_version
from pandas_gbq import read_gbq
from pandas_gbq.gbq import \
    _test_google_api_imports as gbq_test_google_api_imports
from pandas_gbq.gbq import GbqConnector


[docs]class BigQueryHook(GoogleCloudBaseHook, DbApiHook, LoggingMixin): """ Interact with BigQuery. This hook uses the Google Cloud Platform connection. """ conn_name_attr = 'bigquery_conn_id' def __init__(self, bigquery_conn_id='bigquery_default', delegate_to=None, use_legacy_sql=True): super(BigQueryHook, self).__init__( gcp_conn_id=bigquery_conn_id, delegate_to=delegate_to) self.use_legacy_sql = use_legacy_sql
[docs] def get_conn(self): """ Returns a BigQuery PEP 249 connection object. """ service = self.get_service() project = self._get_field('project') return BigQueryConnection( service=service, project_id=project, use_legacy_sql=self.use_legacy_sql)
[docs] def get_service(self): """ Returns a BigQuery service object. """ http_authorized = self._authorize() return build( 'bigquery', 'v2', http=http_authorized, cache_discovery=False)
[docs] def insert_rows(self, table, rows, target_fields=None, commit_every=1000): """ Insertion is currently unsupported. Theoretically, you could use BigQuery's streaming API to insert rows into a table, but this hasn't been implemented. """ raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] def get_pandas_df(self, sql, parameters=None, dialect=None): """ Returns a Pandas DataFrame for the results produced by a BigQuery query. The DbApiHook method must be overridden because Pandas doesn't support PEP 249 connections, except for SQLite. See: https://github.com/pydata/pandas/blob/master/pandas/io/sql.py#L447 https://github.com/pydata/pandas/issues/6900 :param sql: The BigQuery SQL to execute. :type sql: string :param parameters: The parameters to render the SQL query with (not used, leave to override superclass method) :type parameters: mapping or iterable :param dialect: Dialect of BigQuery SQL – legacy SQL or standard SQL defaults to use `self.use_legacy_sql` if not specified :type dialect: string in {'legacy', 'standard'} """ if dialect is None: dialect = 'legacy' if self.use_legacy_sql else 'standard' return read_gbq(sql, project_id=self._get_field('project'), dialect=dialect, verbose=False)
[docs] def table_exists(self, project_id, dataset_id, table_id): """ Checks for the existence of a table in Google BigQuery. :param project_id: The Google cloud project in which to look for the table. The connection supplied to the hook must provide access to the specified project. :type project_id: string :param dataset_id: The name of the dataset in which to look for the table. :type dataset_id: string :param table_id: The name of the table to check the existence of. :type table_id: string """ service = self.get_service() try: service.tables().get( projectId=project_id, datasetId=dataset_id, tableId=table_id).execute() return True except errors.HttpError as e: if e.resp['status'] == '404': return False raise
class BigQueryPandasConnector(GbqConnector): """ This connector behaves identically to GbqConnector (from Pandas), except that it allows the service to be injected, and disables a call to self.get_credentials(). This allows Airflow to use BigQuery with Pandas without forcing a three legged OAuth connection. Instead, we can inject service account credentials into the binding. """ def __init__(self, project_id, service, reauth=False, verbose=False, dialect='legacy'): super(BigQueryPandasConnector, self).__init__(project_id) gbq_check_google_client_version() gbq_test_google_api_imports() self.project_id = project_id self.reauth = reauth self.service = service self.verbose = verbose self.dialect = dialect class BigQueryConnection(object): """ BigQuery does not have a notion of a persistent connection. Thus, these objects are small stateless factories for cursors, which do all the real work. """ def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): self._args = args self._kwargs = kwargs def close(self): """ BigQueryConnection does not have anything to close. """ pass def commit(self): """ BigQueryConnection does not support transactions. """ pass def cursor(self): """ Return a new :py:class:`Cursor` object using the connection. """ return BigQueryCursor(*self._args, **self._kwargs) def rollback(self): raise NotImplementedError( "BigQueryConnection does not have transactions") class BigQueryBaseCursor(LoggingMixin): """ The BigQuery base cursor contains helper methods to execute queries against BigQuery. The methods can be used directly by operators, in cases where a PEP 249 cursor isn't needed. """ def __init__(self, service, project_id, use_legacy_sql=True): self.service = service self.project_id = project_id self.use_legacy_sql = use_legacy_sql self.running_job_id = None def create_empty_table(self, project_id, dataset_id, table_id, schema_fields=None, time_partitioning={}, labels=None ): """ Creates a new, empty table in the dataset. :param project_id: The project to create the table into. :type project_id: str :param dataset_id: The dataset to create the table into. :type dataset_id: str :param table_id: The Name of the table to be created. :type table_id: str :param schema_fields: If set, the schema field list as defined here: https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/rest/v2/jobs#configuration.load.schema :param labels: a dictionary containing labels for the table, passed to BigQuery :type labels: dict **Example**: :: schema_fields=[{"name": "emp_name", "type": "STRING", "mode": "REQUIRED"}, {"name": "salary", "type": "INTEGER", "mode": "NULLABLE"}] :type schema_fields: list :param time_partitioning: configure optional time partitioning fields i.e. partition by field, type and expiration as per API specifications. .. seealso:: https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/rest/v2/tables#timePartitioning :type time_partitioning: dict :return: """ project_id = project_id if project_id is not None else self.project_id table_resource = { 'tableReference': { 'tableId': table_id } } if schema_fields: table_resource['schema'] = {'fields': schema_fields} if time_partitioning: table_resource['timePartitioning'] = time_partitioning if labels: table_resource['labels'] = labels self.log.info('Creating Table %s:%s.%s', project_id, dataset_id, table_id) try: self.service.tables().insert( projectId=project_id, datasetId=dataset_id, body=table_resource).execute() self.log.info('Table created successfully: %s:%s.%s', project_id, dataset_id, table_id) except HttpError as err: raise AirflowException( 'BigQuery job failed. Error was: {}'.format(err.content) ) def create_external_table(self, external_project_dataset_table, schema_fields, source_uris, source_format='CSV', autodetect=False, compression='NONE', ignore_unknown_values=False, max_bad_records=0, skip_leading_rows=0, field_delimiter=',', quote_character=None, allow_quoted_newlines=False, allow_jagged_rows=False, src_fmt_configs={}, labels=None ): """ Creates a new external table in the dataset with the data in Google Cloud Storage. See here: https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/rest/v2/tables#resource for more details about these parameters. :param external_project_dataset_table: The dotted (<project>.|<project>:)<dataset>.<table>($<partition>) BigQuery table name to create external table. If <project> is not included, project will be the project defined in the connection json. :type external_project_dataset_table: string :param schema_fields: The schema field list as defined here: https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/rest/v2/tables#resource :type schema_fields: list :param source_uris: The source Google Cloud Storage URI (e.g. gs://some-bucket/some-file.txt). A single wild per-object name can be used. :type source_uris: list :param source_format: File format to export. :type source_format: string :param autodetect: Try to detect schema and format options automatically. Any option specified explicitly will be honored. :type autodetect: bool :param compression: [Optional] The compression type of the data source. Possible values include GZIP and NONE. The default value is NONE. This setting is ignored for Google Cloud Bigtable, Google Cloud Datastore backups and Avro formats. :type compression: string :param ignore_unknown_values: [Optional] Indicates if BigQuery should allow extra values that are not represented in the table schema. If true, the extra values are ignored. If false, records with extra columns are treated as bad records, and if there are too many bad records, an invalid error is returned in the job result. :type ignore_unknown_values: bool :param max_bad_records: The maximum number of bad records that BigQuery can ignore when running the job. :type max_bad_records: int :param skip_leading_rows: Number of rows to skip when loading from a CSV. :type skip_leading_rows: int :param field_delimiter: The delimiter to use when loading from a CSV. :type field_delimiter: string :param quote_character: The value that is used to quote data sections in a CSV file. :type quote_character: string :param allow_quoted_newlines: Whether to allow quoted newlines (true) or not (false). :type allow_quoted_newlines: boolean :param allow_jagged_rows: Accept rows that are missing trailing optional columns. The missing values are treated as nulls. If false, records with missing trailing columns are treated as bad records, and if there are too many bad records, an invalid error is returned in the job result. Only applicable when soure_format is CSV. :type allow_jagged_rows: bool :param src_fmt_configs: configure optional fields specific to the source format :type src_fmt_configs: dict :param labels: a dictionary containing labels for the table, passed to BigQuery :type labels: dict """ project_id, dataset_id, external_table_id = \ _split_tablename(table_input=external_project_dataset_table, default_project_id=self.project_id, var_name='external_project_dataset_table') # bigquery only allows certain source formats # we check to make sure the passed source format is valid # if it's not, we raise a ValueError # Refer to this link for more details: # https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/rest/v2/tables#externalDataConfiguration.sourceFormat source_format = source_format.upper() allowed_formats = [ "CSV", "NEWLINE_DELIMITED_JSON", "AVRO", "GOOGLE_SHEETS", "DATASTORE_BACKUP", "PARQUET" ] if source_format not in allowed_formats: raise ValueError("{0} is not a valid source format. " "Please use one of the following types: {1}" .format(source_format, allowed_formats)) compression = compression.upper() allowed_compressions = ['NONE', 'GZIP'] if compression not in allowed_compressions: raise ValueError("{0} is not a valid compression format. " "Please use one of the following types: {1}" .format(compression, allowed_compressions)) table_resource = { 'externalDataConfiguration': { 'autodetect': autodetect, 'sourceFormat': source_format, 'sourceUris': source_uris, 'compression': compression, 'ignoreUnknownValues': ignore_unknown_values }, 'tableReference': { 'projectId': project_id, 'datasetId': dataset_id, 'tableId': external_table_id, } } if schema_fields: table_resource['externalDataConfiguration'].update({ 'schema': { 'fields': schema_fields } }) self.log.info('Creating external table: %s', external_project_dataset_table) if max_bad_records: table_resource['externalDataConfiguration']['maxBadRecords'] = max_bad_records # if following fields are not specified in src_fmt_configs, # honor the top-level params for backward-compatibility if 'skipLeadingRows' not in src_fmt_configs: src_fmt_configs['skipLeadingRows'] = skip_leading_rows if 'fieldDelimiter' not in src_fmt_configs: src_fmt_configs['fieldDelimiter'] = field_delimiter if 'quote_character' not in src_fmt_configs: src_fmt_configs['quote'] = quote_character if 'allowQuotedNewlines' not in src_fmt_configs: src_fmt_configs['allowQuotedNewlines'] = allow_quoted_newlines if 'allowJaggedRows' not in src_fmt_configs: src_fmt_configs['allowJaggedRows'] = allow_jagged_rows src_fmt_to_param_mapping = { 'CSV': 'csvOptions', 'GOOGLE_SHEETS': 'googleSheetsOptions' } src_fmt_to_configs_mapping = { 'csvOptions': [ 'allowJaggedRows', 'allowQuotedNewlines', 'fieldDelimiter', 'skipLeadingRows', 'quote' ], 'googleSheetsOptions': ['skipLeadingRows'] } if source_format in src_fmt_to_param_mapping.keys(): valid_configs = src_fmt_to_configs_mapping[ src_fmt_to_param_mapping[source_format] ] src_fmt_configs = { k: v for k, v in src_fmt_configs.items() if k in valid_configs } table_resource['externalDataConfiguration'][src_fmt_to_param_mapping[ source_format]] = src_fmt_configs if labels: table_resource['labels'] = labels try: self.service.tables().insert( projectId=project_id, datasetId=dataset_id, body=table_resource ).execute() self.log.info('External table created successfully: %s', external_project_dataset_table) except HttpError as err: raise Exception( 'BigQuery job failed. Error was: {}'.format(err.content) ) def run_query(self, bql=None, sql=None, destination_dataset_table=False, write_disposition='WRITE_EMPTY', allow_large_results=False, flatten_results=False, udf_config=False, use_legacy_sql=None, maximum_billing_tier=None, maximum_bytes_billed=None, create_disposition='CREATE_IF_NEEDED', query_params=None, labels=None, schema_update_options=(), priority='INTERACTIVE', time_partitioning={}): """ Executes a BigQuery SQL query. Optionally persists results in a BigQuery table. See here: https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/v2/jobs For more details about these parameters. :param bql: (Deprecated. Use `sql` parameter instead) The BigQuery SQL to execute. :type bql: string :param sql: The BigQuery SQL to execute. :type sql: string :param destination_dataset_table: The dotted <dataset>.<table> BigQuery table to save the query results. :type destination_dataset_table: string :param write_disposition: What to do if the table already exists in BigQuery. :type write_disposition: string :param allow_large_results: Whether to allow large results. :type allow_large_results: boolean :param flatten_results: If true and query uses legacy SQL dialect, flattens all nested and repeated fields in the query results. ``allowLargeResults`` must be true if this is set to false. For standard SQL queries, this flag is ignored and results are never flattened. :type flatten_results: boolean :param udf_config: The User Defined Function configuration for the query. See https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/user-defined-functions for details. :param use_legacy_sql: Whether to use legacy SQL (true) or standard SQL (false). If `None`, defaults to `self.use_legacy_sql`. :type use_legacy_sql: boolean :type udf_config: list :param maximum_billing_tier: Positive integer that serves as a multiplier of the basic price. :type maximum_billing_tier: integer :param maximum_bytes_billed: Limits the bytes billed for this job. Queries that will have bytes billed beyond this limit will fail (without incurring a charge). If unspecified, this will be set to your project default. :type maximum_bytes_billed: float :param create_disposition: Specifies whether the job is allowed to create new tables. :type create_disposition: string :param query_params a dictionary containing query parameter types and values, passed to BigQuery :type query_params: dict :param labels a dictionary containing labels for the job/query, passed to BigQuery :type labels: dict :param schema_update_options: Allows the schema of the desitination table to be updated as a side effect of the query job. :type schema_update_options: tuple :param priority: Specifies a priority for the query. Possible values include INTERACTIVE and BATCH. The default value is INTERACTIVE. :type priority: string :param time_partitioning: configure optional time partitioning fields i.e. partition by field, type and expiration as per API specifications. Note that 'field' is not available in conjunction with dataset.table$partition. :type time_partitioning: dict """ # TODO remove `bql` in Airflow 2.0 - Jira: [AIRFLOW-2513] sql = bql if sql is None else sql if bql: import warnings warnings.warn('Deprecated parameter `bql` used in ' '`BigQueryBaseCursor.run_query` ' 'Use `sql` parameter instead to pass the sql to be ' 'executed. `bql` parameter is deprecated and ' 'will be removed in a future version of ' 'Airflow.', category=DeprecationWarning) if sql is None: raise TypeError('`BigQueryBaseCursor.run_query` missing 1 required ' 'positional argument: `sql`') # BigQuery also allows you to define how you want a table's schema to change # as a side effect of a query job # for more details: # https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/rest/v2/jobs#configuration.query.schemaUpdateOptions allowed_schema_update_options = [ 'ALLOW_FIELD_ADDITION', "ALLOW_FIELD_RELAXATION" ] if not set(allowed_schema_update_options).issuperset( set(schema_update_options)): raise ValueError( "{0} contains invalid schema update options. " "Please only use one or more of the following options: {1}" .format(schema_update_options, allowed_schema_update_options)) if use_legacy_sql is None: use_legacy_sql = self.use_legacy_sql configuration = { 'query': { 'query': sql, 'useLegacySql': use_legacy_sql, 'maximumBillingTier': maximum_billing_tier, 'maximumBytesBilled': maximum_bytes_billed, 'priority': priority } } if destination_dataset_table: assert '.' in destination_dataset_table, ( 'Expected destination_dataset_table in the format of ' '<dataset>.<table>. Got: {}').format(destination_dataset_table) destination_project, destination_dataset, destination_table = \ _split_tablename(table_input=destination_dataset_table, default_project_id=self.project_id) configuration['query'].update({ 'allowLargeResults': allow_large_results, 'flattenResults': flatten_results, 'writeDisposition': write_disposition, 'createDisposition': create_disposition, 'destinationTable': { 'projectId': destination_project, 'datasetId': destination_dataset, 'tableId': destination_table, } }) if udf_config: assert isinstance(udf_config, list) configuration['query'].update({ 'userDefinedFunctionResources': udf_config }) if query_params: if self.use_legacy_sql: raise ValueError("Query paramaters are not allowed when using " "legacy SQL") else: configuration['query']['queryParameters'] = query_params if labels: configuration['labels'] = labels time_partitioning = _cleanse_time_partitioning( destination_dataset_table, time_partitioning ) if time_partitioning: configuration['query'].update({ 'timePartitioning': time_partitioning }) if schema_update_options: if write_disposition not in ["WRITE_APPEND", "WRITE_TRUNCATE"]: raise ValueError("schema_update_options is only " "allowed if write_disposition is " "'WRITE_APPEND' or 'WRITE_TRUNCATE'.") else: self.log.info( "Adding experimental " "'schemaUpdateOptions': {0}".format(schema_update_options)) configuration['query'][ 'schemaUpdateOptions'] = schema_update_options return self.run_with_configuration(configuration) def run_extract( # noqa self, source_project_dataset_table, destination_cloud_storage_uris, compression='NONE', export_format='CSV', field_delimiter=',', print_header=True, labels=None): """ Executes a BigQuery extract command to copy data from BigQuery to Google Cloud Storage. See here: https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/v2/jobs For more details about these parameters. :param source_project_dataset_table: The dotted <dataset>.<table> BigQuery table to use as the source data. :type source_project_dataset_table: string :param destination_cloud_storage_uris: The destination Google Cloud Storage URI (e.g. gs://some-bucket/some-file.txt). Follows convention defined here: https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/exporting-data-from-bigquery#exportingmultiple :type destination_cloud_storage_uris: list :param compression: Type of compression to use. :type compression: string :param export_format: File format to export. :type export_format: string :param field_delimiter: The delimiter to use when extracting to a CSV. :type field_delimiter: string :param print_header: Whether to print a header for a CSV file extract. :type print_header: boolean :param labels: a dictionary containing labels for the job/query, passed to BigQuery :type labels: dict """ source_project, source_dataset, source_table = \ _split_tablename(table_input=source_project_dataset_table, default_project_id=self.project_id, var_name='source_project_dataset_table') configuration = { 'extract': { 'sourceTable': { 'projectId': source_project, 'datasetId': source_dataset, 'tableId': source_table, }, 'compression': compression, 'destinationUris': destination_cloud_storage_uris, 'destinationFormat': export_format, } } if labels: configuration['labels'] = labels if export_format == 'CSV': # Only set fieldDelimiter and printHeader fields if using CSV. # Google does not like it if you set these fields for other export # formats. configuration['extract']['fieldDelimiter'] = field_delimiter configuration['extract']['printHeader'] = print_header return self.run_with_configuration(configuration) def run_copy(self, source_project_dataset_tables, destination_project_dataset_table, write_disposition='WRITE_EMPTY', create_disposition='CREATE_IF_NEEDED', labels=None): """ Executes a BigQuery copy command to copy data from one BigQuery table to another. See here: https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/v2/jobs#configuration.copy For more details about these parameters. :param source_project_dataset_tables: One or more dotted (project:|project.)<dataset>.<table> BigQuery tables to use as the source data. Use a list if there are multiple source tables. If <project> is not included, project will be the project defined in the connection json. :type source_project_dataset_tables: list|string :param destination_project_dataset_table: The destination BigQuery table. Format is: (project:|project.)<dataset>.<table> :type destination_project_dataset_table: string :param write_disposition: The write disposition if the table already exists. :type write_disposition: string :param create_disposition: The create disposition if the table doesn't exist. :type create_disposition: string :param labels a dictionary containing labels for the job/query, passed to BigQuery :type labels: dict """ source_project_dataset_tables = ([ source_project_dataset_tables ] if not isinstance(source_project_dataset_tables, list) else source_project_dataset_tables) source_project_dataset_tables_fixup = [] for source_project_dataset_table in source_project_dataset_tables: source_project, source_dataset, source_table = \ _split_tablename(table_input=source_project_dataset_table, default_project_id=self.project_id, var_name='source_project_dataset_table') source_project_dataset_tables_fixup.append({ 'projectId': source_project, 'datasetId': source_dataset, 'tableId': source_table }) destination_project, destination_dataset, destination_table = \ _split_tablename(table_input=destination_project_dataset_table, default_project_id=self.project_id) configuration = { 'copy': { 'createDisposition': create_disposition, 'writeDisposition': write_disposition, 'sourceTables': source_project_dataset_tables_fixup, 'destinationTable': { 'projectId': destination_project, 'datasetId': destination_dataset, 'tableId': destination_table } } } if labels: configuration['labels'] = labels return self.run_with_configuration(configuration) def run_load(self, destination_project_dataset_table, schema_fields, source_uris, source_format='CSV', create_disposition='CREATE_IF_NEEDED', skip_leading_rows=0, write_disposition='WRITE_EMPTY', field_delimiter=',', max_bad_records=0, quote_character=None, ignore_unknown_values=False, allow_quoted_newlines=False, allow_jagged_rows=False, schema_update_options=(), src_fmt_configs={}, time_partitioning={}): """ Executes a BigQuery load command to load data from Google Cloud Storage to BigQuery. See here: https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/v2/jobs For more details about these parameters. :param destination_project_dataset_table: The dotted (<project>.|<project>:)<dataset>.<table>($<partition>) BigQuery table to load data into. If <project> is not included, project will be the project defined in the connection json. If a partition is specified the operator will automatically append the data, create a new partition or create a new DAY partitioned table. :type destination_project_dataset_table: string :param schema_fields: The schema field list as defined here: https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/v2/jobs#configuration.load :type schema_fields: list :param source_uris: The source Google Cloud Storage URI (e.g. gs://some-bucket/some-file.txt). A single wild per-object name can be used. :type source_uris: list :param source_format: File format to export. :type source_format: string :param create_disposition: The create disposition if the table doesn't exist. :type create_disposition: string :param skip_leading_rows: Number of rows to skip when loading from a CSV. :type skip_leading_rows: int :param write_disposition: The write disposition if the table already exists. :type write_disposition: string :param field_delimiter: The delimiter to use when loading from a CSV. :type field_delimiter: string :param max_bad_records: The maximum number of bad records that BigQuery can ignore when running the job. :type max_bad_records: int :param quote_character: The value that is used to quote data sections in a CSV file. :type quote_character: string :param ignore_unknown_values: [Optional] Indicates if BigQuery should allow extra values that are not represented in the table schema. If true, the extra values are ignored. If false, records with extra columns are treated as bad records, and if there are too many bad records, an invalid error is returned in the job result. :type ignore_unknown_values: bool :param allow_quoted_newlines: Whether to allow quoted newlines (true) or not (false). :type allow_quoted_newlines: boolean :param allow_jagged_rows: Accept rows that are missing trailing optional columns. The missing values are treated as nulls. If false, records with missing trailing columns are treated as bad records, and if there are too many bad records, an invalid error is returned in the job result. Only applicable when soure_format is CSV. :type allow_jagged_rows: bool :param schema_update_options: Allows the schema of the desitination table to be updated as a side effect of the load job. :type schema_update_options: tuple :param src_fmt_configs: configure optional fields specific to the source format :type src_fmt_configs: dict :param time_partitioning: configure optional time partitioning fields i.e. partition by field, type and expiration as per API specifications. Note that 'field' is not available in conjunction with dataset.table$partition. :type time_partitioning: dict """ # bigquery only allows certain source formats # we check to make sure the passed source format is valid # if it's not, we raise a ValueError # Refer to this link for more details: # https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/rest/v2/jobs#configuration.query.tableDefinitions.(key).sourceFormat source_format = source_format.upper() allowed_formats = [ "CSV", "NEWLINE_DELIMITED_JSON", "AVRO", "GOOGLE_SHEETS", "DATASTORE_BACKUP", "PARQUET" ] if source_format not in allowed_formats: raise ValueError("{0} is not a valid source format. " "Please use one of the following types: {1}" .format(source_format, allowed_formats)) # bigquery also allows you to define how you want a table's schema to change # as a side effect of a load # for more details: # https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/rest/v2/jobs#configuration.load.schemaUpdateOptions allowed_schema_update_options = [ 'ALLOW_FIELD_ADDITION', "ALLOW_FIELD_RELAXATION" ] if not set(allowed_schema_update_options).issuperset( set(schema_update_options)): raise ValueError( "{0} contains invalid schema update options. " "Please only use one or more of the following options: {1}" .format(schema_update_options, allowed_schema_update_options)) destination_project, destination_dataset, destination_table = \ _split_tablename(table_input=destination_project_dataset_table, default_project_id=self.project_id, var_name='destination_project_dataset_table') configuration = { 'load': { 'createDisposition': create_disposition, 'destinationTable': { 'projectId': destination_project, 'datasetId': destination_dataset, 'tableId': destination_table, }, 'sourceFormat': source_format, 'sourceUris': source_uris, 'writeDisposition': write_disposition, 'ignoreUnknownValues': ignore_unknown_values } } time_partitioning = _cleanse_time_partitioning( destination_project_dataset_table, time_partitioning ) if time_partitioning: configuration['load'].update({ 'timePartitioning': time_partitioning }) if schema_fields: configuration['load']['schema'] = {'fields': schema_fields} if schema_update_options: if write_disposition not in ["WRITE_APPEND", "WRITE_TRUNCATE"]: raise ValueError("schema_update_options is only " "allowed if write_disposition is " "'WRITE_APPEND' or 'WRITE_TRUNCATE'.") else: self.log.info( "Adding experimental " "'schemaUpdateOptions': {0}".format(schema_update_options)) configuration['load'][ 'schemaUpdateOptions'] = schema_update_options if max_bad_records: configuration['load']['maxBadRecords'] = max_bad_records # if following fields are not specified in src_fmt_configs, # honor the top-level params for backward-compatibility if 'skipLeadingRows' not in src_fmt_configs: src_fmt_configs['skipLeadingRows'] = skip_leading_rows if 'fieldDelimiter' not in src_fmt_configs: src_fmt_configs['fieldDelimiter'] = field_delimiter if 'ignoreUnknownValues' not in src_fmt_configs: src_fmt_configs['ignoreUnknownValues'] = ignore_unknown_values if quote_character is not None: src_fmt_configs['quote'] = quote_character if allow_quoted_newlines: src_fmt_configs['allowQuotedNewlines'] = allow_quoted_newlines src_fmt_to_configs_mapping = { 'CSV': [ 'allowJaggedRows', 'allowQuotedNewlines', 'autodetect', 'fieldDelimiter', 'skipLeadingRows', 'ignoreUnknownValues', 'nullMarker', 'quote' ], 'DATASTORE_BACKUP': ['projectionFields'], 'NEWLINE_DELIMITED_JSON': ['autodetect', 'ignoreUnknownValues'], 'PARQUET': ['autodetect', 'ignoreUnknownValues'], 'AVRO': [], } valid_configs = src_fmt_to_configs_mapping[source_format] src_fmt_configs = { k: v for k, v in src_fmt_configs.items() if k in valid_configs } configuration['load'].update(src_fmt_configs) if allow_jagged_rows: configuration['load']['allowJaggedRows'] = allow_jagged_rows return self.run_with_configuration(configuration) def run_with_configuration(self, configuration): """ Executes a BigQuery SQL query. See here: https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/v2/jobs For more details about the configuration parameter. :param configuration: The configuration parameter maps directly to BigQuery's configuration field in the job object. See https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/v2/jobs for details. """ jobs = self.service.jobs() job_data = {'configuration': configuration} # Send query and wait for reply. query_reply = jobs \ .insert(projectId=self.project_id, body=job_data) \ .execute() self.running_job_id = query_reply['jobReference']['jobId'] # Wait for query to finish. keep_polling_job = True while (keep_polling_job): try: job = jobs.get( projectId=self.project_id, jobId=self.running_job_id).execute() if (job['status']['state'] == 'DONE'): keep_polling_job = False # Check if job had errors. if 'errorResult' in job['status']: raise Exception( 'BigQuery job failed. Final error was: {}. The job was: {}'. format(job['status']['errorResult'], job)) else: self.log.info('Waiting for job to complete : %s, %s', self.project_id, self.running_job_id) time.sleep(5) except HttpError as err: if err.resp.status in [500, 503]: self.log.info( '%s: Retryable error, waiting for job to complete: %s', err.resp.status, self.running_job_id) time.sleep(5) else: raise Exception( 'BigQuery job status check failed. Final error was: %s', err.resp.status) return self.running_job_id def poll_job_complete(self, job_id): jobs = self.service.jobs() try: job = jobs.get(projectId=self.project_id, jobId=job_id).execute() if (job['status']['state'] == 'DONE'): return True except HttpError as err: if err.resp.status in [500, 503]: self.log.info( '%s: Retryable error while polling job with id %s', err.resp.status, job_id) else: raise Exception( 'BigQuery job status check failed. Final error was: %s', err.resp.status) return False def cancel_query(self): """ Cancel all started queries that have not yet completed """ jobs = self.service.jobs() if (self.running_job_id and not self.poll_job_complete(self.running_job_id)): self.log.info('Attempting to cancel job : %s, %s', self.project_id, self.running_job_id) jobs.cancel( projectId=self.project_id, jobId=self.running_job_id).execute() else: self.log.info('No running BigQuery jobs to cancel.') return # Wait for all the calls to cancel to finish max_polling_attempts = 12 polling_attempts = 0 job_complete = False while (polling_attempts < max_polling_attempts and not job_complete): polling_attempts = polling_attempts + 1 job_complete = self.poll_job_complete(self.running_job_id) if (job_complete): self.log.info('Job successfully canceled: %s, %s', self.project_id, self.running_job_id) elif (polling_attempts == max_polling_attempts): self.log.info( "Stopping polling due to timeout. Job with id %s " "has not completed cancel and may or may not finish.", self.running_job_id) else: self.log.info('Waiting for canceled job with id %s to finish.', self.running_job_id) time.sleep(5) def get_schema(self, dataset_id, table_id): """ Get the schema for a given datset.table. see https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/v2/tables#resource :param dataset_id: the dataset ID of the requested table :param table_id: the table ID of the requested table :return: a table schema """ tables_resource = self.service.tables() \ .get(projectId=self.project_id, datasetId=dataset_id, tableId=table_id) \ .execute() return tables_resource['schema'] def get_tabledata(self, dataset_id, table_id, max_results=None, selected_fields=None, page_token=None, start_index=None): """ Get the data of a given dataset.table and optionally with selected columns. see https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/v2/tabledata/list :param dataset_id: the dataset ID of the requested table. :param table_id: the table ID of the requested table. :param max_results: the maximum results to return. :param selected_fields: List of fields to return (comma-separated). If unspecified, all fields are returned. :param page_token: page token, returned from a previous call, identifying the result set. :param start_index: zero based index of the starting row to read. :return: map containing the requested rows. """ optional_params = {} if max_results: optional_params['maxResults'] = max_results if selected_fields: optional_params['selectedFields'] = selected_fields if page_token: optional_params['pageToken'] = page_token if start_index: optional_params['startIndex'] = start_index return (self.service.tabledata().list( projectId=self.project_id, datasetId=dataset_id, tableId=table_id, **optional_params).execute()) def run_table_delete(self, deletion_dataset_table, ignore_if_missing=False): """ Delete an existing table from the dataset; If the table does not exist, return an error unless ignore_if_missing is set to True. :param deletion_dataset_table: A dotted (<project>.|<project>:)<dataset>.<table> that indicates which table will be deleted. :type deletion_dataset_table: str :param ignore_if_missing: if True, then return success even if the requested table does not exist. :type ignore_if_missing: boolean :return: """ assert '.' in deletion_dataset_table, ( 'Expected deletion_dataset_table in the format of ' '<dataset>.<table>. Got: {}').format(deletion_dataset_table) deletion_project, deletion_dataset, deletion_table = \ _split_tablename(table_input=deletion_dataset_table, default_project_id=self.project_id) try: self.service.tables() \ .delete(projectId=deletion_project, datasetId=deletion_dataset, tableId=deletion_table) \ .execute() self.log.info('Deleted table %s:%s.%s.', deletion_project, deletion_dataset, deletion_table) except HttpError: if not ignore_if_missing: raise Exception('Table deletion failed. Table does not exist.') else: self.log.info('Table does not exist. Skipping.') def run_table_upsert(self, dataset_id, table_resource, project_id=None): """ creates a new, empty table in the dataset; If the table already exists, update the existing table. Since BigQuery does not natively allow table upserts, this is not an atomic operation. :param dataset_id: the dataset to upsert the table into. :type dataset_id: str :param table_resource: a table resource. see https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/v2/tables#resource :type table_resource: dict :param project_id: the project to upsert the table into. If None, project will be self.project_id. :return: """ # check to see if the table exists table_id = table_resource['tableReference']['tableId'] project_id = project_id if project_id is not None else self.project_id tables_list_resp = self.service.tables().list( projectId=project_id, datasetId=dataset_id).execute() while True: for table in tables_list_resp.get('tables', []): if table['tableReference']['tableId'] == table_id: # found the table, do update self.log.info('Table %s:%s.%s exists, updating.', project_id, dataset_id, table_id) return self.service.tables().update( projectId=project_id, datasetId=dataset_id, tableId=table_id, body=table_resource).execute() # If there is a next page, we need to check the next page. if 'nextPageToken' in tables_list_resp: tables_list_resp = self.service.tables()\ .list(projectId=project_id, datasetId=dataset_id, pageToken=tables_list_resp['nextPageToken'])\ .execute() # If there is no next page, then the table doesn't exist. else: # do insert self.log.info('Table %s:%s.%s does not exist. creating.', project_id, dataset_id, table_id) return self.service.tables().insert( projectId=project_id, datasetId=dataset_id, body=table_resource).execute() def run_grant_dataset_view_access(self, source_dataset, view_dataset, view_table, source_project=None, view_project=None): """ Grant authorized view access of a dataset to a view table. If this view has already been granted access to the dataset, do nothing. This method is not atomic. Running it may clobber a simultaneous update. :param source_dataset: the source dataset :type source_dataset: str :param view_dataset: the dataset that the view is in :type view_dataset: str :param view_table: the table of the view :type view_table: str :param source_project: the project of the source dataset. If None, self.project_id will be used. :type source_project: str :param view_project: the project that the view is in. If None, self.project_id will be used. :type view_project: str :return: the datasets resource of the source dataset. """ # Apply default values to projects source_project = source_project if source_project else self.project_id view_project = view_project if view_project else self.project_id # we don't want to clobber any existing accesses, so we have to get # info on the dataset before we can add view access source_dataset_resource = self.service.datasets().get( projectId=source_project, datasetId=source_dataset).execute() access = source_dataset_resource[ 'access'] if 'access' in source_dataset_resource else [] view_access = { 'view': { 'projectId': view_project, 'datasetId': view_dataset, 'tableId': view_table } } # check to see if the view we want to add already exists. if view_access not in access: self.log.info( 'Granting table %s:%s.%s authorized view access to %s:%s dataset.', view_project, view_dataset, view_table, source_project, source_dataset) access.append(view_access) return self.service.datasets().patch( projectId=source_project, datasetId=source_dataset, body={ 'access': access }).execute() else: # if view is already in access, do nothing. self.log.info( 'Table %s:%s.%s already has authorized view access to %s:%s dataset.', view_project, view_dataset, view_table, source_project, source_dataset) return source_dataset_resource def delete_dataset(self, project_id, dataset_id ): """ Delete a dataset of Big query in your project. :param project_id: The name of the project where we have the dataset . :type project_id: str :param dataset_id: The dataset to be delete. :type dataset_id: str :return: """ project_id = project_id if project_id is not None else self.project_id self.log.info('Deleting from project: %s Dataset:%s', project_id, dataset_id) try: self.service.datasets().delete( projectId=project_id, datasetId=dataset_id).execute() self.log.info('Dataset deleted successfully: In project %s Dataset %s', project_id, dataset_id) except HttpError as err: raise AirflowException( 'BigQuery job failed. Error was: {}'.format(err.content) ) class BigQueryCursor(BigQueryBaseCursor): """ A very basic BigQuery PEP 249 cursor implementation. The PyHive PEP 249 implementation was used as a reference: https://github.com/dropbox/PyHive/blob/master/pyhive/presto.py https://github.com/dropbox/PyHive/blob/master/pyhive/common.py """ def __init__(self, service, project_id, use_legacy_sql=True): super(BigQueryCursor, self).__init__( service=service, project_id=project_id, use_legacy_sql=use_legacy_sql) self.buffersize = None self.page_token = None self.job_id = None self.buffer = [] self.all_pages_loaded = False @property def description(self): """ The schema description method is not currently implemented. """ raise NotImplementedError def close(self): """ By default, do nothing """ pass @property def rowcount(self): """ By default, return -1 to indicate that this is not supported. """ return -1 def execute(self, operation, parameters=None): """ Executes a BigQuery query, and returns the job ID. :param operation: The query to execute. :type operation: string :param parameters: Parameters to substitute into the query. :type parameters: dict """ sql = _bind_parameters(operation, parameters) if parameters else operation self.job_id = self.run_query(sql) def executemany(self, operation, seq_of_parameters): """ Execute a BigQuery query multiple times with different parameters. :param operation: The query to execute. :type operation: string :param seq_of_parameters: List of dictionary parameters to substitute into the query. :type seq_of_parameters: list """ for parameters in seq_of_parameters: self.execute(operation, parameters) def fetchone(self): """ Fetch the next row of a query result set. """ return self.next() def next(self): """ Helper method for fetchone, which returns the next row from a buffer. If the buffer is empty, attempts to paginate through the result set for the next page, and load it into the buffer. """ if not self.job_id: return None if len(self.buffer) == 0: if self.all_pages_loaded: return None query_results = (self.service.jobs().getQueryResults( projectId=self.project_id, jobId=self.job_id, pageToken=self.page_token).execute()) if 'rows' in query_results and query_results['rows']: self.page_token = query_results.get('pageToken') fields = query_results['schema']['fields'] col_types = [field['type'] for field in fields] rows = query_results['rows'] for dict_row in rows: typed_row = ([ _bq_cast(vs['v'], col_types[idx]) for idx, vs in enumerate(dict_row['f']) ]) self.buffer.append(typed_row) if not self.page_token: self.all_pages_loaded = True else: # Reset all state since we've exhausted the results. self.page_token = None self.job_id = None self.page_token = None return None return self.buffer.pop(0) def fetchmany(self, size=None): """ Fetch the next set of rows of a query result, returning a sequence of sequences (e.g. a list of tuples). An empty sequence is returned when no more rows are available. The number of rows to fetch per call is specified by the parameter. If it is not given, the cursor's arraysize determines the number of rows to be fetched. The method should try to fetch as many rows as indicated by the size parameter. If this is not possible due to the specified number of rows not being available, fewer rows may be returned. An :py:class:`~pyhive.exc.Error` (or subclass) exception is raised if the previous call to :py:meth:`execute` did not produce any result set or no call was issued yet. """ if size is None: size = self.arraysize result = [] for _ in range(size): one = self.fetchone() if one is None: break else: result.append(one) return result def fetchall(self): """ Fetch all (remaining) rows of a query result, returning them as a sequence of sequences (e.g. a list of tuples). """ result = [] while True: one = self.fetchone() if one is None: break else: result.append(one) return result def get_arraysize(self): """ Specifies the number of rows to fetch at a time with .fetchmany() """ return self._buffersize if self.buffersize else 1 def set_arraysize(self, arraysize): """ Specifies the number of rows to fetch at a time with .fetchmany() """ self.buffersize = arraysize arraysize = property(get_arraysize, set_arraysize) def setinputsizes(self, sizes): """ Does nothing by default """ pass def setoutputsize(self, size, column=None): """ Does nothing by default """ pass def _bind_parameters(operation, parameters): """ Helper method that binds parameters to a SQL query. """ # inspired by MySQL Python Connector (conversion.py) string_parameters = {} for (name, value) in parameters.iteritems(): if value is None: string_parameters[name] = 'NULL' elif isinstance(value, basestring): string_parameters[name] = "'" + _escape(value) + "'" else: string_parameters[name] = str(value) return operation % string_parameters def _escape(s): """ Helper method that escapes parameters to a SQL query. """ e = s e = e.replace('\\', '\\\\') e = e.replace('\n', '\\n') e = e.replace('\r', '\\r') e = e.replace("'", "\\'") e = e.replace('"', '\\"') return e def _bq_cast(string_field, bq_type): """ Helper method that casts a BigQuery row to the appropriate data types. This is useful because BigQuery returns all fields as strings. """ if string_field is None: return None elif bq_type == 'INTEGER': return int(string_field) elif bq_type == 'FLOAT' or bq_type == 'TIMESTAMP': return float(string_field) elif bq_type == 'BOOLEAN': assert string_field in set(['true', 'false']) return string_field == 'true' else: return string_field def _split_tablename(table_input, default_project_id, var_name=None): assert default_project_id is not None, "INTERNAL: No default project is specified" def var_print(var_name): if var_name is None: return "" else: return "Format exception for {var}: ".format(var=var_name) if table_input.count('.') + table_input.count(':') > 3: raise Exception(('{var}Use either : or . to specify project ' 'got {input}').format( var=var_print(var_name), input=table_input)) cmpt = table_input.rsplit(':', 1) project_id = None rest = table_input if len(cmpt) == 1: project_id = None rest = cmpt[0] elif len(cmpt) == 2 and cmpt[0].count(':') <= 1: if cmpt[-1].count('.') != 2: project_id = cmpt[0] rest = cmpt[1] else: raise Exception(('{var}Expect format of (<project:)<dataset>.<table>, ' 'got {input}').format( var=var_print(var_name), input=table_input)) cmpt = rest.split('.') if len(cmpt) == 3: assert project_id is None, ("{var}Use either : or . to specify project" ).format(var=var_print(var_name)) project_id = cmpt[0] dataset_id = cmpt[1] table_id = cmpt[2] elif len(cmpt) == 2: dataset_id = cmpt[0] table_id = cmpt[1] else: raise Exception( ('{var}Expect format of (<project.|<project:)<dataset>.<table>, ' 'got {input}').format(var=var_print(var_name), input=table_input)) if project_id is None: if var_name is not None: log = LoggingMixin().log log.info('Project not included in {var}: {input}; ' 'using project "{project}"'.format( var=var_name, input=table_input, project=default_project_id)) project_id = default_project_id return project_id, dataset_id, table_id def _cleanse_time_partitioning(destination_dataset_table, time_partitioning_in): # if it is a partitioned table ($ is in the table name) add partition load option time_partitioning_out = {} if destination_dataset_table and '$' in destination_dataset_table: assert not time_partitioning_in.get('field'), ( "Cannot specify field partition and partition name " "(dataset.table$partition) at the same time" ) time_partitioning_out['type'] = 'DAY' time_partitioning_out.update(time_partitioning_in) return time_partitioning_out